Les savoirs de la forêt

Témoignages des Mangyans alangans de Siapo (Mindoro, Philippines)

Ce livre est le deuxième d'une série de trois volumes consacrés aux Mangyans alangans de Siapo, un village situé sur l’île de Mindoro, aux Philippines. Les kuyay (les aînés) y présentent des aspects importants de leurs savoirs, en particulier sur les arbres, les plantes et les champignons dont ils font de nombreux usages, y compris thérapeutiques. Lire la suite

Ce livre est le deuxième d'une série de trois volumes consacrés aux Mangyans alangans de Siapo, un village situé sur l’île de Mindoro, aux Philippines. Les kuyay (les aînés) y présentent des aspects importants de leurs savoirs, en particulier sur les arbres, les plantes et les champignons dont ils font de nombreux usages, y compris thérapeutiques. Ils décrivent les chauves-souris qui leur procurent beaucoup de vitalité. Pour les Alangans, la nature n’existe pas en soi comme un objet autonome, elle constitue le monde dans lequel ils vivent. La préservation de l’environnement n’est pensable qu’en vivant au contact des plantes et des animaux, et en respectant les multiples non-humains qui peuplent la forêt. Les Alangans enseignent que l’humain n’est rien s’il ne prend pas la mesure des solidarités interspécifiques, s’il ne respecte pas des interdits de base, et s’il ignore les esprits-maîtres ainsi qu’Amang sa Ugbos.
L’ouvrage comporte le verbatim de conversations et d’informations recueillies lors de plusieurs ateliers de transmission des savoirs organisés avec les Alangans de Siapo en 2012, 2017, 2018 et 2019. Le livre est disponible en deux versions : en français et en alangan-tagalog. Le projet a bénéficié d’appuis financiers de la part du Conseil de recherche en sciences humaines du Canada et, surtout, du Fonds national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS, Belgique ; F. 6002.17), et du projet PRD « Local Adaptation, Resilience & Interpretation of Socio-Natural Hazards, and Environment Management in the Philippines (2014-2019) ».


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Spécifications


Éditeur
Presses universitaires de Louvain
Édité par
Frédéric Laugrand, Antoine Laugrand, Guy Tremblay,
Collection
Verbatim
Langue
français
Catégorie (éditeur)
Sciences économiques et sociales > Sciences politiques et sociales > Anthropologie
BISAC Subject Heading
SOC002010 SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Cultural & Social
BIC subject category (UK)
JHMC Social & cultural anthropology
Code publique Onix
06 Professionnel et académique
CLIL (Version 2013-2019 )
3120 Anthropologie des mondes contemporains
Date de première publication du titre
26 novembre 2020

Livre broché


Date de publication
2004
ISBN-13
978-2-93034-456-0
Ampleur
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 392
Code interne
75090
Format
16 x 24 x 2,2 cm
Poids
626 grammes
Prix
27,00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

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Sommaire


I. EXPLAINING RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICIES IN EUROPE: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK....................................19
Frédéric VARONE and Isabelle DE LOVINFOSSE
1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................19
2 ELEMENTS OF A PUBLIC POLICY...................................................................20
2.1 Public policy: a general definition ................................................21
2.2 Policy objectives............................................................................22
2.3 Policy instruments .........................................................................22
2.4 Institutional arrangement for policy implementation....................23
2.5 Target groups of policy instruments ..............................................24
2.6 Policy outputs and outcomes .........................................................25
3 DEPENDENT VARIABLE: TYPES OF POLICY CHANGE......................................26
4 INDEPENDENT VARIABLES AND RESEARCH HYPOTHESES .............................27
4.1 Market liberalization and renewable energy policy:.........................
Does Europeanization matter?......................................................28
4.2 Politics: Do political parties matter? ............................................32
4.3 Path dependency: Does the legacy of the past matter? .................33
4.4 Policy transfer: Do lesson-drawing and international emulation matter?...............................................34
4.5 Broader context: Do problem-framing and inter-policies coordination matter? ............................................36
5 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND STRUCTURE OF THE CASE STUDIES ...........38
6 REFERENCES................................................................................................40
II. EU POLICIES: MARKET LIBERALISATION, RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY AND TGC ..............................45
Isabelle DE LOVINFOSSE and Frédéric VARONE
1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................45
2 LIBERALISATION OF THE EUROPEAN ELECTRICITY MARKET ........................46
2.1 The EU directives for the internal electricity market ....................46
2.2 State aid for environmental protection ..........................................52
2.3 The PreussenElektra against Schleswag case ...............................53
3 EUROPEAN RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY .............................................53
4 TRADABLE GREEN CERTIFICATES SYSTEM ...................................................58
4.1 The tradable green certificates market..........................................59
4.2 Settings of a TGC system...............................................................61
4.3 Opportunities and threats of a TGC system...................................63
5 CONCLUSION ...............................................................................................68
6 REFERENCES................................................................................................68
III. FROM PRIVATE SELF-REGULATION TO PUBLIC RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY: A PARADIGMATIC CHANGE IN BELGIUM...............73
Isabelle DE LOVINFOSSE and Frédéric VARONE
1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................73
2 OVERVIEW OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR.....................................................75
2.1 Electricity generation ....................................................................75
2.2 Renewable electricity generation by fuel.......................................77
2.3 Electricity import-export ...............................................................78
2.4 Electricity prices............................................................................79
3 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY BEFORE ELECTRICITY MARKET LIBERALISATION .........81
3.1 Overview of the electricity policy in Belgium (1970-1999) ...........81
3.2 Key actors in the electricity sector before liberalisation...............91
4 LIBERALISATION OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR............................................95
4.1 Reform of the electricity sector......................................................95
4.2 Legal market opening ....................................................................99
4.3 Market competition......................................................................100
5 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY CHANGES AT THE END OF THE 90S .......102
5.1 The renewable electricity policies ...............................................102
5.2 Key actors in the electricity sector ..............................................110
5.3 Policy network changes...............................................................113
6 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................114
7 REFERENCES..............................................................................................116
8 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................118
IV. SUCCESS THROUGH CONTINUITY: RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICIES IN GERMANY ...............121
Volkmar LAUBER and Dieter PESENDORFER
1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................121
2 OVERVIEW OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR...................................................123
2.1 Electricity generation ..................................................................123
2.2 Renewable electricity generation ................................................125
2.3 Electricity imports and exports....................................................127
2.4 Electricity tariffs and prices ........................................................128
3 ELECTRICITY AND RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY BEFORE ELECTRICITY MARKET LIBERALISATION .........129
3.1 Electricity policy in general (1935-1998)....................................129
3.2 Policy towards RES-E from the 1970s until liberalisation..........133
3.3 Characteristics of the main programmes ....................................138
4 LIBERALISATION........................................................................................147
4.1 The reform of the electricity sector..............................................147
4.2 Legal market opening ..................................................................148
4.3 Market competition......................................................................150
5 POLICY AFTER LIBERALISATION.................................................................155
5.1 Overview......................................................................................155
5.2 RES-E programmes in detail .......................................................157
5.3 Characteristics of main programmes ..........................................164
5.4 Actor network ..............................................................................165
6 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................171
7 REFERENCES..............................................................................................175
8 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................180
V. DENMARK: EARLY PROMOTER OF RENEWABLE ENERGY..183
Kenji ASANO
1 INTRODUCTION: COUNTRY OVERVIEW.......................................................183
2 STATISTICS FOR THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR (1970-2001)............................186
2.1 The increase in coal and natural gas as a substantial replacement of oil ...........186
2.2 The stable increase of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) .....................................187
2.3 The fluctuation of electricity production due to the international electricity trade.............188
2.4 The development of wind power ..................................................189
2.5 Electricity consumption by sector................................................191
2.6 Electricity prices..........................................................................191
3 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY BEFORE THE ELECTRICITY MARKET LIBERALIZATION (1970-1998)..........193
3.1 Overview of the electricity policy in Denmark (1970-1998)........193
3.2 Key actors in the electricity sector before liberalization.............209
4 LIBERALIZATION OF THE DANISH ELECTRICITY SECTOR ............................213
4.1 The Danish framework of electricity reform in 1999...................213
4.2 Reform of the electricity sector....................................................214
4.3 Legal market opening ..................................................................220
4.4 Market competition......................................................................221
5 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY CHANGES AT THE END OF 1990S ..........222
5.1 The Danish Green Certificate......................................................222
5.2 The other renewable electricity programs...................................231
5.3 Key actors in the electricity sector and policy network changes...............................232
6 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................235
7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..............................................................................237
8 REFERENCES..............................................................................................238
VI. RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY IN THE UNITED KINGDOM: DEVELOPING POLICY IN AN EVOLVING ELECTRICITY MARKET......243
Peter CONNOR
1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................243
2 STATISTICS FOR THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR (1970-2002)............................246
2.1 Electricity generation ..................................................................246
2.2 Renewable electricity generation by fuel.....................................247
2.3 International trading of electricity ..............................................249
2.4 Electricity prices..........................................................................250
3 ELECTRICITY AND RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY BEFORE ELECTRICITY MARKET PRIVATISATION......................251
3.1 The basis for UK renewable energy policy..................................254
3.2 Overview of the electricity sector before the liberalisation process.....................256
3.3 The position of Scotland and Northern Ireland ...........................256
4 ELECTRICITY PRIVATISATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES ...........................258
4.1 Trading of electricity following the initial privatisation..............263
4.2 Governance of electricity regulation ...........................................264
5 THE ADOPTION OF RE POLICY AS PART OF THE PRIVATISATION PROCESS............................267
5.1 The Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO)....................................267
5.2 The NFFO in operation ...............................................................269
6 RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY CHANGES RESULTING FROM DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE WITHIN THE LIBERALISED INDUSTRY..............274
6.1 The basis for change in UK electricity trading............................274
6.2 The renewables obligation...........................................................275
6.3 Additional support mechanisms...................................................284
6.4 Policy relating to planning issues................................................286
6.5 Problems for renewables arising from current regulation of the UK ESI...............287
7 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................292
7.1 The need for change within current renewable energy policy.....294
7.2 The impact of previous RE policy on post-2000 RE policy .........295
8 REFERENCES..............................................................................................296
VII. BETWEEN SUCCESS AND FAILURE: RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICIES IN THE NETHERLANDS.....................301
ISABELLE DE LOVINFOSSE and VALENTINA DINICA
1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................301
2 OVERVIEW OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR...................................................305
2.1 Electricity generation ..................................................................305
2.2 Renewable electricity generation by fuel.....................................307
2.3 Electricity import-export .............................................................309
2.4 Electricity prices..........................................................................310
3 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY BEFORE THE ELECTRICITY MARKET LIBERALISATION .....................311
3.1 Overview of the renewable electricity policy (1974-1998)..........311
3.2 Key actors in the renewable electricity sector before liberalisation ........................................................................323
4 LIBERALISATION OF THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR..........................................330
4.1 Reform of the electricity sector....................................................330
4.2 Legal market opening ..................................................................334
4.3 Market competition......................................................................336
5 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICY CHANGES AFTER LIBERALISATION .......337
5.1 The renewable electricity policies ...............................................337
5.2 Key actors in the renewable electricity sector in 2003................352
6 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................355
7 REFERENCES..............................................................................................357
VIII. RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY POLICIES IN EUROPE: A TENTATIVE COMPARISON................359
Frédéric VARONE, Isabelle DE LOVINFOSSE and Volkmar LAUBER
1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................359
2 RES-E POLICY CHANGES ...........................................................................360
3 MARKET LIBERALISATION AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES POLICY:
DOES EUROPEANIZATION MATTER? .........................365
4 POLITICS: DO POLITICAL PARTIES MATTER?...............................................370
5 PATH DEPENDENCY: DOES THE LEGACY OF THE PAST MATTER? ................374
6 POLICY TRANSFER: DO LESSON-DRAWING AND INTERNATIONAL EMULATION MATTER?.............378
7 BROADER CONTEXT: DO PROBLEM-FRAMING AND INTER-POLICIES COORDINATION MATTER? .......382
8 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................386
9 REFERENCES..............................................................................................390